NEWS: Human Geography Fundamentals: Nature & Scope

NEWS via NBCNews: First Americans May Have Been Stuck in Beringia for Millennia

March 6, 2014 // 0 Comments

First Americans May Have Been Stuck in Beringia for Millennia BY ALAN BOYLE WILLIAM MANLEY / IAAR / UNIV. OF COLO. This map shows the outlines of modern Siberia (left) and Alaska (right) with dashed lines. The broader area in a darker shade of green, which is now covered by ocean, represents the Bering land bridge as it existed about 18,000 years ago. Anthropologists say that the ancestors of Native Americans started making their way from Siberia to the Americas 25,000 years ago over a land bridge that once spanned the Bering Sea — but there are gaps in that story: Why didn’t those migrants leave behind any archaeological traces until 10,000 years later? Now scientists are homing in on an explanation: During all those millennia, the first Americans were isolated on the land bridge itself. When the land bridge vanished, so did the evidence of that Beringian culture. The “Beringian Standstill” hypothesis was first proposed by Latin American geneticists in 1997, as a [...]

NEWS via HeritageDaily: 17th- and 18th-century risk of disease through Migration

March 5, 2014 // 0 Comments

17th- and 18th-century risk of disease through Migration HERITAGE March 3, 2014 – No comments The fate of migrants moving to cities in 17th- and 18th-century England demonstrates how a single pathogen could dramatically alter the risks associated with migration and migratory patterns today. Cities have always been a magnet to migrants. In 2010, a tipping point was reached for the first time when, according to the World Health Organization, the majority of the world’s population lived in cities. By 2050, seven out of 10 people will have been born in – or migrated to – a city. One hundred years ago, that figure was two out of 10. Today, cities are generally the safest places to live. If you live in one, you’re likely to be richer than someone living in a rural environment. If you’re richer, you’re likely to live longer. If you live in a city, you have better access to hospitals and healthcare, and you’re more likely to be immunised. But that was not always the [...]

NEWS via Time: This Map Shows Where in the U.S. You Have the Highest Chance of Getting Struck by Lightning

March 1, 2014 // 0 Comments

This Map Shows Where in the U.S. You Have the Highest Chance of Getting Struck by Lightning PSA of the day By Olivia B. Waxman @OBWaxFeb. 28, 2014 Today, Atlantic Cities points out that the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has published a map of lightning strikes in the U.S. According to the description of the map in the Google Maps Gallery, the map is organized by county and represents incidents over “the years 1995-2000 and 2001-2009.” The darker the shade of red, the more “events” have occurred, and the map breaks down each county’s data in terms of total number of injuries, fatalities, cost of property damage, and cost of crop damage. Read more: Lightning Map by USGS Shows Where You’re Most Likely to Get Struck | [...]

NEWS via Channel NewsAsia: Virginia to be first US state to include “East Sea” in textbooks

February 24, 2014 // 0 Comments

The US State of Virginia has recently voted to include the name “East Sea” in its history and geography textbooks, alongside what is now marked only as the “Sea of Japan”. File photo: A South Korean warship conducts in the Sea of Japan, also known as the East Sea in South Korea. (AFP/South Korean Navy) VIRGINIA: The US State of Virginia has recently voted to include the name “East Sea” in its history and geography textbooks, alongside what is now marked only as the “Sea of Japan”. The House of Delegates passed the bill in a vote of 81 to 15, and once it is signed into law, Virginia will be the first American state to include “East Sea”, South Korea’s name for the stretch of water. The move appears to show that Korean Americans have been mobilised by their country’s increasingly strained relationship with Tokyo. Peter Y Kim, a Korean American lawyer living in Annandale in Virginia, was shocked when he caught a glimpse of his son’s fifth grade [...]

NEWS via Al Jazeera: How the North Ended up on Top of the Map

February 23, 2014 // 0 Comments

How the north ended up on top of the map by Nick Danforth @ajam February 16, 2014 A cartographic history of what’s up McArthur’s Universal Corrective Map of the World.Flickr A world map drawn by the Moroccan cartographer Muhammad al-Idrisi for King Roger of Sicily, 1154. Wikipedia Why do maps always show the north as up? For those who don’t just take it for granted, the common answer is that Europeans made the maps and they wanted to be on top. But there’s really no good reason for the north to claim top-notch cartographic real estate over any other bearing, as an examination of old maps from different places and periods can confirm. The profound arbitrariness of our current cartographic conventions was made evident by McArthur’s Universal Corrective Map of the World, an iconic “upside down” view of the world that recently celebrated its 35th anniversary. Launched by Australian Stuart McArthur on Jan. 26, 1979 (Australia Day, naturally), this map is supposed to [...]

NEWS via Times-Picayune: Shotgun geography: the history behind the famous New Orleans elongated house

February 14, 2014 // 0 Comments

Shotgun geography: the history behind the famous New Orleans elongated house Few elements of the New Orleans cityscape speak to the intersection of architecture, sociology and geography so well as the shotgun house. Once scorned, now cherished, shotguns shed light on patterns of cultural diffusion, class and residential settlement, social preferences and construction methods. Photo by Doug Parker/ The Times-Picayune archive NOLA.com | The Times-Picayune Few elements of the New Orleans cityscape speak to the intersection of architecture, sociology and geography so well as the shotgun house. Once scorned, now cherished, shotguns shed light on patterns of cultural diffusion, class and residential settlement, social preferences and construction methods.   The shotgun house is not an architectural style; rather, it is a structural typology — what folklorist John Michael Vlach described as “a philosophy of space, a culturally determined sense of dimension.” A [...]

NEWS via Business Insider Australia: These Maps Show Which Areas Of The Country Have The Biggest Carbon Footprints

February 14, 2014 // 0 Comments

These Maps Show Which Areas Of The Country Have The Biggest Carbon Footprints KELLY DICKERSON YESTERDAY AT 10:01 AM    19 It’s no secret that the U.S. is one of the biggest carbon emitters around. Households in the U.S. alone are responsible for 20% of greenhouse gas emissions, even though they account for just over 4% of the global population. But which areas in the U.S. are contributing the most? These interactive maps from the University of California, Berkeley show where the U.S. has the biggest carbon footprint. You can even calculate your city’s carbon footprint on their site. The carbon footprint measurement equals the total greenhouse gas emissions of the zip code in question. An area’s carbon footprint includes things like energy people use at home, energy used by businesses, and transportation. The biggest source of emissions depends on the area. For example, the suburbs have a higher percentage of emissions coming from individual vehicles than big cities do. [...]

NEWS via PRI.com: Will climate change Kill the Winter Olympics?

February 8, 2014 // 0 Comments

Will climate change kill the winter Olympics? Reporter Peter Thomson January 30, 2014 · 5:45 PM EST Credit: Wongm/Wikimedia commons- Snow making is underway at Mount Hotham in, Victoria, Australia, in 2007. The organizers of the games in Sochi, Russia, promise that there will be snow for the winter Olympics that start there next Friday. They’re hoping it’s mostly real snow, but they’ve also got hundreds of artificial snow makers at the ready, not to mention mountains of snow stored from last winter. But snow isn’t enough. You also need a venue that can handle an influx of tens of thousands of people, and a location where the facilities will still be useful after all those people disappear. That’s been a tough equation, even in the relatively stable climate since the first winter Olympics were held in 1924. But global warming will only make it worse. How much worse? A group of researchers led by Daniel Scott, a professor of Global Change and Tourism at [...]

NEWS via Christian Science Monitor: Drug trafficking in Central America Wreaking Havoc on Forests

February 7, 2014 // 0 Comments

  Drug trafficking in Central America wreaking havoc on forests, study finds Drug traffickers are targeting vast stretches of rainforest  for clandestine landing strips and roads to carry on the drug trade, study finds By Sudeshna Chowdhury, Staff writer / January 31, 2014 It is time to rethink the war on drugs from the perspective of “narco-deforestation,” say researchers, who have expressed concern over disappearing Central American rainforest . In a paper published in journal Science, researchers stated that in remote areas of Honduras, Guatemala,Nicaragua, and neighboring countries, drug traffickers are destroying forests, often protected areas, to make way for clandestine landing strips and roads to move drugs and money. Vast stretches of forest are also cleared to set up agribusinesses, primarily-cattle ranching, to launder drug money, Erik Nielsen, assistant professor in the School of Earth Sciences and Environmental Sustainability at Northern Arizona [...]

NEWS via CNN: Moving map shows Chinese New Year travel rush in real time

January 28, 2014 // 0 Comments

As hundreds of millions of Chinese migrate home for the new year, Baidu uses cell phone data to create a real time map of human migration. -The Human Imprint ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Moving map shows Chinese New Year travel rush in real time By Wilfred Chan, CNN January 28, 2014 — Updated 0619 GMT (1419 HKT) Chinese social network Baidu has developed a moving map of Chinese people as they travel home for Chinese New Year. STORY HIGHLIGHTS Chinese web giant Baidu develops moving map of Lunar New Year travelers Map works by pulling location data from mobile phones (CNN) — With a bit of technical ingenuity, Chinese web giant Baidu has developed a moving map of travelers as they return home for Lunar New Year, which begins this week. The map, which updates hourly, works by pulling location data from users’ mobile phones as they travel across the country. Users can click to see which routes and cities have the most traffic at [...]

LESSON PLAN: Environmental Determinism, Ellsworth Huntington, and the Decline of Geography | GeoCurrents

October 3, 2013 // 0 Comments

Environmental Determinism, Ellsworth Huntington, and the Decline of Geography | GeoCurrents. Geography is defined as “the study of the earth and its features.” Derived from the Greek for “earth writings,” geography traditionally focused on the world as a whole; investigations of smaller regions were a distinct if related branch of learning. For centuries, the main focus of geographical research was filling in the unknown portions of the world map. But as that task came to an end in the late 1800s and early 1900s, new research frontiers were sought. Many geographers turned to what was then a hot topic in social science: the racial differentiation of humankind. Others attempted to distill geographical laws from the age-old theory of environmental determinism, seeking global correlations among climate, soils, and landforms, on the one hand, and social, political, and cultural forms, on the other. By the 1910s and ‘20s, environmental determinism was the reigning paradigm of [...]

RESOURCE: Free Online Maps Course: Maps and the Geospatial Revolution

July 18, 2013 // 0 Comments

Interested in taking a spatial mapping course free form Penn State University? Sign up and follow along! This is the first week that it is being offered and so far over 3,000 people have signed up. This is a great way to learn all about the spatial perspective and how to use ArcGIS in every day life. If you have no idea what ArcGIS is, check it out, it is quite amazing.  Imagine a whole bunch of layers of data that you can toggle on and off to see if there are any correlations between the phenomenon.  Ok, I know that didn’t sound so amazing-but liken with toggling a map of McDonalds locations and low income housing. Do you get me now? ————— Maps are for everyone and you don’t need a background to start, just an interest in maps. Here is a copied and pasted section of who this class is intended for: Wired: Who’s the intended audience? Robinson: Novice folks who are maybe coming out of high school in some cases, or lifelong learners who [...]

NEWS: Urban Observatory comes to life at Esri International User Conference | SmartBlogs

July 11, 2013 // 0 Comments

Esri (GIS Mapping Software, Solutions, Service, Map Apps, and Data) just launched an interactive site that allows users to compare/contrast map data between 16 major cities (so far). Themes that can be compared include: Commercial/Industrial zones Roadspeed/Traffic/Airports Housing Density/ Population Density/Senior population/Youth population Public space Temperature Urban Footprint New development Urban Observatory comes to life at Esri International User Conference | SmartBlogs [...]
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